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HOUSING, SHELTER AND HANDLING FACILITIES

Key – Those standards which have greater significance (all other standards are normal)

Recommendation – Those which do not affect certification

New – A completely new standard which the member must now adhere to

Revised – A standard that has changed and requires the member to take some different or additional action to before

Upgraded – The standard has been upgraded to a Key standard or from a Recommendation to a full standard

Appendix – Referenced in ‘How you will be measured’. Indicates that additional information is provided in the Appendices, which are available at the end of each section.

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Where to find help – at the end of each section we have indicated where you can get extra guidance if you need it.

Aim:

HOUSING, SHELTER AND HANDLING FACILITIES

CB.HF.a

Standards

Housing must be constructed and maintained to provide a safe environment for birds

How you will be measured

  • No sharp edges, projections or other hazards
  • Electrical installations inaccessible to birds
  • Housing securely contains birds

CB.HF.a.1

Standards

The sound level in housing must be minimised

How you will be measured

  • Ventilation fans, feeding machinery and other equipment is constructed, placed, operated and maintained in a way that causes the least amount of noise

CB.HF.b

Standards

Housing must be appropriately and effectively ventilated

How you will be measured

  • Ventilation minimises high humidity, build-up of odours and maintains a comfortable temperature
  • When the outside temperature exceeds 30°C in the shade the inside temperature should not exceed the outside temperature by more than 3°C
  • Concentration of Ammonia should not exceed 20ppm
  • Concentration of Carbon Dioxide should not exceed 3000ppm at the level of the birds heads
  • The average relative humidity measured inside a house during a 48 hour period should not exceed 70% when the outside temperature is below 10°C
  • A documented ventilation plan is in place
  • Ventilation plan

CB.HF.b.1

Standards

Temperature records must be kept

How you will be measured

  • Records kept of minimum and maximum daily temperatures at bird level
  • Temperature records

CB.HF.b.2

Standards

A written policy must be in place outlining recognition of and procedures to be followed in the event of heat or cold stress occurring

  • Heat and cold stress policy

CB.HF.c

Standards

Floors must be constructed and maintained in a manner that minimises the risk of injury

How you will be measured

  • Floors are made of concrete or asphalt
  • Floors are well drained and floor surface is above outside ground level

CB.HF.d

Standards

Conditions within the housing must be maintained in a manner that ensures birds are able to keep clean

How you will be measured

  • A written cleaning and disinfection policy in place, which contains:
    • cleaning and disinfection procedures for house, house furniture, water tanks and bulk feed bins
    • handling of waste materials; litter, packaging, feed spillages
    • details of Defra approved disinfectants and detergents used, including safe usage, storage and dilution
  • Whenever bird accommodation is emptied it is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected in accordance with the policy
  • Swabs are taken for environmental bacteria and are cultured in a Government approved laboratory – records are kept of these tests
  • Cleaning and disinfection policy
  • Environmental bacteria test records

CB.HF.d.1

Standards

Surfaces within housing must be in good condition and must be able to be cleaned and disinfected

CB.HF.d.2

Standards

Flocks are provided with clean, fresh bedding to a minimum depth of 2cm

How you will be measured

  • Products which expand to a minimum depth of 2cm can be used

CB.HF.d.3

Standards

Bedding must remain in a dry, friable condition

How you will be measured

  • Wet capped litter is managed

CB.HF.d.4

Standards

Bedding stored in the open is stored on pallets and is covered

How you will be measured

  • The cover provides protection from water, birds and vermin
  • Damaged bales are not used

CB.HF.d.6

Standards

Trays used for on-farm hatching of eggs must be cleaned and disinfected before return to the hatchery

How you will be measured

  • Defra approved disinfectants are used
  • Cleaning and disinfection policy

CB.HF.e

Standards

Housing must be lit to allow normal behaviours, rest and effective inspection of birds

How you will be measured

  • Lighting intensity is at least 20 lux, measured at bird eye level and illuminating at least 80% of the useable area, during lighting periods
  • Reductions in lighting made only on advice of vet/ Lighting patterns are recorded

CB.HF.e.1

Standards

Lighting follows a 24 hour rhythm

How you will be measured

  • This occurs within seven days of the chickens being placed in the building and until three days before foreseen slaughter
  • 24 hour rhythm includes periods of darkness lasting at least six hours, with at least one uninterrupted period of darkness lasting at least four hours

CB.HF.e.3

Standards

It is recommended that windows equating to 3% of the floor area are fitted in all buildings which house birds

How you will be measured

  • The translucent area of the windows equates to a minimum of 3% of the floor area
  • Windows are evenly distributed
  • Windows are double glazed to provide insulation and prevent condensation
  • Where glass is used it is laminated or toughened on the inside for added safety
  • Shutters are fitted in order that daylight can be closed out if required
  • Shutters are open from at least day 7 during daylight hours unless veterinary advice states otherwise
  • Recommendation to be upgraded to a full standard by Oct 2023

CB.HF.e.4

Standards

Windows equating to a minimum of 1% of the floor area must be fitted in all buildings which house birds

How you will be measured

  • The translucent area of the windows equates to a minimum of 1% of the floor area
  • Windows are evenly distributed
  • Windows are double glazed to provide insulation and prevent condensation
  • Where glass is used it is laminated or toughened on the inside for added safety
  • Shutters are fitted in order that daylight can be closed out if required
  • Shutters are open from at least day 7 during daylight hours unless veterinary advice states otherwise

CB.HF.f Key

Standards

Housing must be of sufficient size

How you will be measured

  • Birds are not kept in cages
  • Planned stocking densities must not exceed 38kg/m2 for broilers and 30kg/m2 for poussin
  • Realistic Key Performance Indicators are used when planning stocking densities
  • Key Welfare Indicators are not compromised by stocking regime, particularly in relation to weather conditions

CB.HF.f.1

Standards

Houses must have plates which highlight important information

How you will be measured

  • Plates list:
    • total floor space available to the birds
    • number of feeders and drinkers
    • feed bin capacity

CB.HF.g

Standards

Housing must provide for the specific needs of young animals

How you will be measured

  • On arrival, chicks are placed in pre-heated housing as soon as possible

CB.HF.g.1

Standards

Where eggs are hatched on-farm they must not be allowed to cool on placement

How you will be measured

  • On arrival, eggs are placed in housing pre-heated to 34-35C
  • Egg shell temperature is monitored and recorded hourly for 3 hours, then every 3 hours if the temperature is constant (36-37C), otherwise resume hourly checks
  • Temperature records

CB.HF.g.2

Standards

Where eggs are hatched on-farm, chicks must be able to easily reach the floor after hatching

How you will be measured

  • Maximum drop is 35cm

CB.HF.h

Standards

Automatic equipment is inspected once a day

How you will be measured

  • Records kept of:
    • checks
    • malfunctions
    • rectifications
  • Equipment inspection records

CB.HF.i

Standards

An alternative power supply must be available which is capable of supplying all essential electrical systems within the poultry houses

How you will be measured

  • Malfunctions are rectified immediately
  • Generators are tested weekly on load

CB.HF.k

Standards

An alarm system must be in place which alerts stockmen to ventilation equipment failure

How you will be measured

  • Alarm system responds to high and low temperatures and to failures in each phase of the mains electricity
  • Alarm systems are checked daily and records kept of:
    • checks
    • malfunctions
    • rectifications
  • Alarm system works without mains power supply
  • Alarm system checks

CB.HF.l

Standards

Fire prevention measures must be taken

How you will be measured

  • Safe use and storage of flammable/ combustible materials
  • Every building exceeding 30m in length has two doors and complies with relevant Building Regulations, particularly with regard to fire escape exits
  • Access to building is restricted
  • Buildings are secure
  • Smoking is restricted to designated areas only
  • Machinery undergoes routine maintenance
  • Escape routes and passages are kept clear at all times
  • Notices are displayed in all main houses of the nearest telephone point