NEW: The UK’s First Trust in Food Index

HOUSING, SHELTER AND HANDLING FACILITIES

Version 5.0

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Key – Those standards which have greater significance (all other standards are normal)

Recommendation – Those which do not affect certification

New – A completely new standard which the member must now adhere to

Revised – A standard that has changed and requires the member to take some different or additional action to before

Upgraded – The standard has been upgraded to a Key standard or from a Recommendation to a full standard

Appendix – Referenced in ‘How you will be measured’. Indicates that additional information is provided in the Appendices, which are available at the end of each section.

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Where to find help – at the end of each section we have indicated where you can get extra guidance if you need it.

Aim:

HOUSING, SHELTER AND HANDLING FACILITIES

DR.HF.1 Key

Standards

Housing must be constructed and maintained to provide a safe and secure environment for livestock. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.1.a

Housing secure to prevent straying/escaping.

DR.HF.1.b

There are no sharp edges, projections or other features presenting a hazard to livestock

DR.HF.1.c

Electrical installations are inaccessible to livestock.

DR.HF.1.d

Lights over feed troughs are shatterproof/protected.

DR.HF.1.e

No unmanaged welfare outcomes in relation to hair loss, lesions and swellings.

DR.HF.2

Standards

Housing must be appropriately and effectively ventilated.

How you will be measured

DR.HF.2.a

Ventilation minimises high humidity, build-up of odours and maintains a comfortable temperature.

DR.HF.2.b

Livestock not indicating signs of heat stress or exposed to draughts/extreme cold.

DR.HF.3

Standards

Floors must be constructed and maintained in a manner that minimises the risk of injury.

How you will be measured

DR.HF.3.a

Floor surfaces are sound, and livestock can walk at ease without slipping or risk of injury.

DR.HF.3.b

Design of any slats are suitable for the species and do not cause livestock to slip or cause foot injuries. Non slatted lying areas provided to breeding cows, in-calf heifers, and calves.

DR.HF.3.c

Manhole covers/drains that livestock have access to are maintained.

DR.HF.4 Key

Standards

Conditions in housing must be maintained in a manner that ensures livestock are able to keep clean. (Revised & Upgraded)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.4.a

Lying areas are well-drained and regularly cleaned out to avoid a build-up of dirty bedding.

DR.HF.4.b

All livestock sent to slaughter meet abattoir cleanliness specifications.

DR.HF.4.c

Slurry and manure from loafing areas/areas at rear of cubicles is scraped/removed at least twice daily.

DR.HF.4.d

No accumulation of excess water, urine, dung or slurry.

DR.HF.4.e

No unmanaged welfare outcome issues in relation to cleanliness.

DR.HF.4.1

Standards

Safe, suitable, and legal bedding is provided in lying areas.*please see additional audit points if Recycled Manure solids are being used as bedding material.

How you will be measured

DR.HF.4.1.a

Bedding (used in lying areas including cubicles, loose housing, non-slatted lying areas, and corrals) is non-injurious, non-toxic and is absorptive.

DR.HF.4.1.b

Where slatted flooring is used for new-born and young lambs, bedding is provided.

DR.HF.4.1.c

Delivery records of waste materials used for bedding are kept e.g. recycled woodchip, paper.

DR.HF.4.1.d

Waste exemptions to use such materials are registered with the Environment Agency and kept.
  • Delivery Records
  • Waste transfer notes
  • Waste exemption records

DR.HF.4.2

Standards

Lying areas provide comfort. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.4.2.a

Comfort provided through provision of bedding, mattresses, matting.

DR.HF.4.2.b

No unmanaged welfare outcomes in relation to lesions caused by lying comfort.

DR.HF.5

Standards

Lighting in housing must allow normal behaviours, rest and effective inspection of livestock. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.5.a

Adequate lighting (whether fixed or portable) is available to enable inspection of stock at any time.

DR.HF.5.b

Housing is lit during normal daylight hours (natural or artificial).

DR.HF.5.c

A period of rest from artificial lighting is provided daily.

DR.HF.5.d

Fixed lighting is provided in all milking cow housing.

DR.HF.6

Standards

Housing must be of sufficient size. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.6.a

Cubicle housing systems allow at least one cubicle per animal.

DR.HF.6.b

Cubicle design and size is suitable for the animal breed and size.

DR.HF.6.c

Group yards and loose housing systems allow space for them all to lie down simultaneously, rise without difficulty, turn around and stretch.

DR.HF.6.d

Passage ways must be wide enough to facilitate cow movement so they can turn around easily.

DR.HF.6.e

No unmanaged welfare outcomes in relation to housing size.

DR.HF.6.1 Key

Standards

Tethered housing systems are not permitted. (Revised and Upgraded)

DR.HF.7

Standards

Livestock must be kept in appropriate groups.

How you will be measured

DR.HF.7.a

Livestock grouped according to age, size and production status (exception cow/calf, ewe/lamb, and goat/kid).

DR.HF.7.b

Livestock (including stock bulls) allowed the sound and view of other livestock (except where segregated/isolated).

DR.HF.7.c

Fractious or fully horned cattle are not mixed with unfamiliar groups or are removed from the group if there is evidence of injury or bullying.

DR.HF.7.d

Sexually mature male and female livestock kept apart (unless breeding is planned).

DR.HF.8

Standards

Handling facilities must be in place and maintained in a condition that minimises the risk of injury and distress to livestock and handlers. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.8.a

Well maintained, structurally sound and stable crush, race and handling pens (including portable systems) with no sharp edges.

DR.HF.8.b

Sheep dip is covered when not in use.

DR.HF.9

Standards

There must be appropriate facilities for livestock to give birth.

How you will be measured

DR.HF.9.a

Facilities available to separate ewe/cow from the rest of the group if necessary.

DR.HF.9.b

Clean, dry bedding provided and replaced regularly.

DR.HF.9.c

Lighting allows for close inspection of livestock.

DR.HF.9.d

Restraining facility (e.g. crush) available for use when livestock give birth.

DR.HF.10

Standards

Facilities must be available on-farm that enable the loading and unloading of livestock with minimal stress and risk of injury to livestock and handlers. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.10.a

Adequate lighting to inspect stock at point of loading.

DR.HF.10.b

Structurally sound and stable gates/barriers to prevent livestock escaping.

DR.HF.10.c

Facilities are free from sharp edges or other projections which may cause injury to livestock and handlers.

DR.HF.10.d

If loading ramps are used, they are designed to minimise risk of slipping and have secure side guards - ramp angles do not exceed 26.6° for adult cattle and sheep, 20° for calves.

DR.HF.10.e

The use of tailgating to overcome site access issues and minimise journey lengths is only permitted if it occurs within the loading site boundary, with suitable facilities (as defined in legislation).

DR.HF.11

Standards

Livestock kept outdoors must have access to shelter and well-drained lying areas. (Revised)

How you will be measured

DR.HF.11.a

Shelter provided (natural or man-made; hedges, trees, walls) to protect from inclement weather.

DR.HF.11.b

Well-drained lying areas.

DR.HF.12

Standards

There must be controls in place to minimise overgrazing and poaching.

How you will be measured

DR.HF.12.a

Outdoor feeding areas are situated so that they do not become excessively poached or allow a large build-up of dung.

DR.HF.12.b

Tracks and gateways are maintained to reduce the risk of foot damage or injury.