NEW: The UK’s First Trust in Food Index

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND CONTAMINATION CONTROL

Key – Those standards which have greater significance (all other standards are normal)

Recommendation – Those which do not affect certification

New – A completely new standard which the member must now adhere to

Revised – A standard that has changed and requires the member to take some different or additional action to before

Upgraded – The standard has been upgraded to a Key standard or from a Recommendation to a full standard

Appendix – Referenced in ‘How you will be measured’. Indicates that additional information is provided in the Appendices, which are available at the end of each section.

This icon indicates that a record is required.

Where to find help – at the end of each section we have indicated where you can get extra guidance if you need it.

Cropping Categories Fresh Produce

Category 0
Those you can eat raw and have a significant risk or history of pathogen contamination.

Category 1
Those you can eat raw and which do not have a protective skin that is removed before eating; they may also have a significant risk or history of pathogen contamination.

Category 2
Those you can eat raw and which either have protective skin or grow clear of the ground, or that have no history of pathogen contamination.

Category 3
Those that the customer always cooks.

An up-to-date list of the crop categories can be found on the Red Tractor website.

Aim:

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND CONTAMINATION CONTROL

PR.EC.a

Standards

The farm must be maintained in a manner that does not present risks to food safety or environmental protection

How you will be measured

  • Accumulated rubbish, redundant equipment or scrap kept in controlled areas separate from crop storage areas/ public access
  • No unintended build-up of vegetation around farm structures that might harbour vermin

PR.EC.b Key

Standards

Potential pollutants are stored in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • Potential pollutants include, but are not limited to, silage, silage effluent, slurry, anaerobic digestate, agricultural fuel oil, empty containers, packhouse waste, paints, disinfectants, baits, other chemical products
  • Fuel tanks bunded where required by legislation

PR.EC.c Key

Standards

All wastes must be disposed of in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • Wastes generated by on-farm activities include, but are not limited to, used plastics, chemicals, oils and empty containers
  • Wastes are disposed of by registered waste carriers
  • Wastes are not burnt (with the exception of vegetation and untreated wood)
  • Empty PPP containers are cleaned using an integrated pressure rinsing device, or triple rinsed appropriately, and the rinsate returned to the spray tank
  • Non-returnable empty PPP containers are not reused and are stored and disposed of in accordance with legislation
  • Returnable containers are kept safe and secure until disposal or recovery takes place
  • The disposal of redundant PPPs is carried out by an approved chemical waste contractor or the supplying company
  • Waste Transfer Notes/ receipts
  • PPP disposal records

PR.EC.c.1

Standards

There must be a documented and implemented Waste and Recycling Management Plan

How you will be measured

  • Plan includes all identified waste and details measures taken to reduce wastage and, whenever possible, recycle to avoid use of landfill or burning
  • Waste and Recycling Management Plan

PR.EC.c.2

Standards

There must be a documented and implemented Pollution Prevention Management Plan

How you will be measured

  • Placn contains statement on policy to minimise environmental pollution from farm processes
  • The plan identifies all potential pollutants within the business e.g. chemicals, oil, fuel, noise, light, dark smoke (See relevant Appendix)
  • Plan documents what measures are in place to prevent pollution of the local environment
  • Pollution Prevention Management Plan

PR.EC.d Key

Standards

PPPs used must be approved for use on the target crop in the UK

How you will be measured

PPPs include:

  • pesticides
  • insecticides
  • fungicides
  • herbicides
  • molluscicides e.g. slug pellets
  • nematicides
  • post-harvest products (e.g. CIPC)
    • Approved PPPs in use and manufacturers' instructions followed
    • No unapproved PPPs in store (e.g. when the MAPP number has expired and its use-up-period ended)

PR.EC.d.1

Standards

PPPs must be appropriate for the control required as recommended on the product label or Extension of Authorisation for Minor Uses (EAMU)

How you will be measured

  • Consideration is given to environmental impact and residue levels
  • Particular attention is paid to:
    • maximum permitted dose rates
    • restrictions on repeated applications to a single crop
    • latest application stage and/or harvest interval
  • The Defra Code of Practice for Using Plant Protection Products is adhered to if reduced spray volume applications are used

PR.EC.e Key

Standards

PPPs must be stored in a dedicated agro-chemical store in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • No contamination of crops, final product, feedstuffs, fertilisers, animals, soils, groundwater or watercourses by PPPs

PR.EC.e.1 Key

Standards

The PPP store must be of a suitable design and construction

How you will be measured

  • Adequate ventilation
  • Lighting sufficient to read labels on products
  • Frost-proof
  • Away from areas presenting a risk of fire and at least 4m from flammable materials or sources of ignition
  • There are warning signs on the door, or adjacent to the door
  • Kept locked, with keys limited to those with training in PPP handling
  • An outside cage only used if the product is supplied in a container purposefully designed for outside storage
  • Shelving is strong enough to support PPPs and made of impermeable materials

PR.EC.e.2

Standards

The store, including doors but not roof, must be constructed of materials that will resist fire for 30 minutes or longer

PR.EC.e.3

Standards

PPPs must be kept in their original packaging

How you will be measured

  • PPPs from broken packaging transferred to a suitable container with a fitted lid/ cap and display original label information

PR.EC.e.4

Standards

Emergency facilities to deal with chemical spillages must be in place

How you will be measured

  • Emergency facilities include:
    • sand/ absorbent granules
    • an adequate sump or ability to retain any spillages (i.e. bunded)
  • Adequate facilities for washing off any accidental splash or spillages on operators
  • A spill kit is lovated in or near all stores
  • A first aid kit is located in or near all stores

PR.EC.e.5

Standards

Stored powders must not be able to become contaminated by stored liquids

How you will be measured

  • Powders and granules should be stored above liquids

PR.EC.e.6

Standards

A list of stord PPPs, updated every 3 months, must be kept and a copy held at a suitable location away from the store itself

How you will be measured

  • An up-to-date list is kept in the PPP store
  • The list covers the product and the amount stored (number of units/ bottles of each product is acceptable)
  • A copu is kept away from the store (e.g. in the farm office), updated at least seasonally and is available for use by emergency services
  • List of stored PPPs

PR.EC.f Key

Standards

PPPs must be applied to land in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • Only used on the crops/ plants being protected
  • Areas of high pollution risk on the farm are identified on farm map(s) and PPP application does not occur in these areas – farm map(s) are provided to any contractors undertaking spraying
  • Manufacturers’ instructions are followed at all times, including during handling and filling
  • PPPs are not applied in unsuitable conditions e.g. when there is a risk of drift or movement to non-target areas or soil conditions are unsuitable
  • Care is taken when applying near hedgerows, woodlands, wetlands, on-site accommodation, private homes or public places i.e. schools, parks, playgrounds
  • Local beekeepers are given a minimum of 48 hours’ notice of the intention to apply a PPP that is hazardous to bees
  • Certain PPPs carry ‘buffer zone’ requirements. The product label will clearly state the buffer zone requirement and applicable scheme (e.g. Local Environment Risk Assessment for pesticides (LERAP) or equivalent) for the product being used. Growers have ensured that the correct buffer zone requirement and scheme (including any engineering controls) have been observed and recorded
  • Farm map identifying areas of high pollution risk

PR.EC.f.1

Standards

When mixing PPPs handling and filling instructions on the label must be followed

PR.EC.f.2 Key

Standards

Systems must be in place to ensure statutory harvest intervals for PPPs are complied with

How you will be measured

  • Harvest dates are recorded in order that they can be compared with PPP records application
  • Harvest date records

PR.EC.f.3 Key

Standards

Where Metaldehyde is used, it must be used in a manner that reduces the risk to water, birds and small mammals

How you will be measured

  • Appropriate active per hectare has been used to avoid drainage and run-off
  • No applications are made during heavy rain or when drains are flowing
  • Consideration is given to the proximity of watercourses, as demonstrated on the farm map(s)
  • Consideration is given to the maximum permitted dose rate and maximum application rates
  • Metaldehyde application records
  • Farm Maps(s) showing areas of high pollution risk

PR.EC.f.3.1

Standards

Where granular nematicides are used, they must be used in line with the Nematicide Stewardship Programme (NSP) Best Practice Protocol

  • Record of attending ARTIS stewardship training, PA4G certificate or ARTIS on-line E-learning modules completed
  • Pre and during season applicator check record
  • Record of field checks post application

PR.EC.f.4

Standards

It is recommended that records of PPP application instructions/ agronomist recommendations are kept

How you will be measured

Instructions/ recommendations may include:

  • name of person issuing instruction
  • date of instruction
  • reason for application
  • application method
  • crop and variety
  • crop location/ field name/area/store (e.g. glasshouse)
  • area treated
  • product name
  • active ingredient
  • rate of application
  • volume of water
  • harvest intervals
  • special precautions required
  • PPP instruction records

PR.EC.f.5

Standards

Measuring equipment must be clean, free from accumulated residues and accurately measure PPPs

How you will be measured

  • Graduated containers (including jugs and buckets) are clean and legible
  • Scales calibrated annually and records kept
  • Scale calibration records

PR.EC.g Key

Standards

PPP application must be undertaken by competent operators

How you will be measured

  • Competence is demonstrated by holding relevant City and Guilds NPTC relevant PPP Pesticide Application (PA) certificates of equivalent
  • Operators include those applying granular/dust PPPs or post-harvest treatments or seed treatments
  • If PPP application operations are undertaken by a contractor, checks are made that certificates of competence are held
  • City & Guilds NPTC certificates or equivalent

PR.EC.g.2

Standards

Sprayer operators must be registered with the National Register of Sprayer Operators (NRoSO)

How you will be measured

  • If operations are contracted, the contractor's name and valid NRoSO membership number and expiry date are recorded
  • Contractor's name, NRoSO membership number(s) and expiry date

PR.EC.g.3

Standards

Where an adviser advises on pesticide usage a BASIS Professional Register number and the adviser's name must be provided

  • BASIS Professional Register number and the adviser's name

PR.EC.h

Standards

Records must be kept of all PPP applications for a minimum of three years

How you will be measured

  • Records kept for applications made both by staff and contractors
  • Records include:
    • reference to technical instruction
    • name of operator
    • date of application
    • start and finish times
    • reason for application
    • application method and machinery used
    • crop and variety
    • crop location/ field name/ area/ store (e.g. glasshouse)
    • area to be treated
    • product name
    • active ingredient
    • rate of application
    • volume of water
    • harvest intervals
    • special precautions required e.g. LERAP
    • for outdoor crops, weather conditions (including wind speed and direction) at application
  • Where necessary access to the EAMU is available
  • PPP application records

PR.EC.i

Standards

All PPP application equipment must be maintained and tested

How you will be measured

  • PPP application equipment is tested depending on the equipment type:

Equipment: Testing Frequency

  • 3m+ Boom Sprayer:

Annual (there is a valid NSTS certificate)

  • Granular Nematicide Applicator:

Annual (there is a valid NSTS certificate)

  • CIPC Foggers:

Annual (there is a valid NSTS certificate)

  • Slug Pelleter (Including Electric Spinning Disc And Hydraulic/ PTO Fertiliser Spreaders):

NSTS tested once , unless the equipment is less than five years old on the 26th November 2016, and thereafter NSTS tested once evrey 6 years

  • <3m/ Granular Herbicide Applicator (Boom Type):

NSTS tested once , unless the equipment is less than five years old on the 26th November 2016, and thereafter NSTS tested once evrey 6 years

  • This does not apply to handheld and knapsack sprayers
  • Outside contractors also hold valid NSTS certificates or engineers test certificates
  • NSTS certificates

PR.EC.i.1

Standards

All PPP application equipment must be checked to ensure accurate application

How you will be measured

  • All PPP application equipment is calibrated between seasons of use
  • Equipment used to apply granular PPPs and any equipment used to apply slug pellets is calibrated whenever there is a change of product
  • Calibration records

PR.EC.i.2

Standards

All handheld applicators and knapsack sprayers must be checked on an annual basis and results recorded

  • Records of handheld applicator and knapsack checks

PR.EC.i.3

Standards

PPPs must be transported in a safe manner, as detailed in the Code of Practice for Using Plant Protection Products

How you will be measured

Diluted (Ready-To-Use) PPP

  • Transporting product through water and crossing watercourses is avoided wherever possible
  • Valves which control the flow of PPP's to the spraying equipment shut during transport unless constant agitation is mentioned specifically on the label
  • Hoses, nozzles and other fittings are maintained in line with manufacturers' instructions

Un-diluted (Concentrate) PPP

  • Transported in a secure chest/ cabinet/ container
  • Transporting product through water and crossing watercourses is avoided wherever possible

PR.EC.i.4

Standards

Surplus spray mix must be dealt with in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination and pollution

How you will be measured

  • Surplus is sprayed onto designated areas (e.g. sprayed or unsprayed crop left specifically for the purpose) or securely stored pending collection by a registered waste contractor
  • Tank washings and rinsates are treated in a biobed or biofilter and treated under a registered waste exemption or disposed directly to the ground in accordance with an appropriate permit
  • Care is taken not to exceed maximum rate
  • Tank washings/ rinsates permit

PR.EC.i.5

Standards

It is recommended that records of disposal of surplus spray mix are kept

  • Disposal of surplus spray mix records

PR.EC.i.6

Standards

It is recommended that PPP application equipment is stored in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • Where equipment is stored in a building it is in a well-ventilated area
  • Equipment is regularly cleaned down
  • Cleaning records

PR.EC.j

Standards

Manufactured fertilisers must be stored in a manner that minimises the risk of theft

How you will be measured

  • Stored in a secure building/ compound where there is no public access and located away from and not visible from a public highway
  • Checks are made to ensure fertiliser has not been tampered with, moved or stolen
  • If a discrepancy or theft is discovered it is reported to the police and the anti-terrorist hotline immediately

PR.EC.k Key

Standards

Fertilisers must be stored in a manner that minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • There is no risk of contamination to fresh produce, plant propagation material, feedstuffs, PPPs, animals, soils, groundwater or watercourses
  • Granular fertiliser is stored on hard, dry surfaces
  • Fertiliser spillage can be contained
  • Fertiliser is stored at least 10m from a watercourse and at least 50m from a well, spring or borehole
  • Fertilisers that pose a combustion or oxidiser hazard are not stored with PPPs or any other flammable material
  • Fertilisers are stored in accordance with manufacturers' guidelines

PR.EC.k.1

Standards

Liquid fertiliser must be stored in suitable tanks/ bowsers

How you will be measured

  • Liquid fertiliser stored in accordance with Defra’s ‘Protecting our Water, Soil and Air – A Code of Good Agricultural Practice for farmers, growers and land managers’
  • If not bunded to Environment Agency standards, liquid fertiliser tanks have lockable or removable tap handles
  • If sight glasses are fitted they are secured to avoid accidental or malicious spillage

PR.EC.k.2

Standards

Manufactured fertiliser stock records must be kept and updated at least every three months and detail quantities received and used

  • Manufactured fertiliser stock records

PR.EC.k.3

Standards

It is recommended that you notify the relevant authorities if you are storing certain amounts and/or types of fertiliser

How you will be measured

  • If storing more than 150 tonnes of fertilisers, which contain ammonium nitrate, where the Nitrogen content is greater than 15.75% you have notified the Fire and Rescue Service
  • If storing more than 25 tonnes in total of any fertilisers or other substances with an oxidiser warning sign on the bag or container you have notified both HSE and the Fire and Rescue Service

PR.EC.l Key

Standards

Only appropriate, safe and suitable fertilisers and soil improvement products must be applied. They have been deemed as appropriate, safe and suitable in the Risk Assessment

How you will be measured

ALL CROP CATEGORIES

  • Products include,but are not limited to, manure, composts, anaerobic digestate, treated sewage sludge, biostimulants and plant strengtheners
  • Any material originating outside the holding, including waste materials, that are applied to land have agricultural benefit and are permitted for use, Exemptions/ permits to use such materials are held and Waste Transfer Notes are kept
  • Organic crop debris may be composted on the farm and re-used for soil conditioning where there is no risk of disease carry-over
  • No untreated abattoir or catering derived animal by-products are spread to land

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT FOR CAT 0 & 1

  • All staff and contractors involved in applying manure-based products understand the microbiological risks they pose
  • Waste Transfer Notes/ delivery records/ invoices
  • Records of product source

PR.EC.l.1

Standards

Sewage sludge must only be used if treated

How you will be measured

  • Sewage sludge is only used in accordance with the Defra Code of Practice for the Agricultural Use of Sewage Sludge
  • Untreated sewage sludge is not used

PR.EC.l.2

Standards

It is recommended that sewage sludge is assured under the Biosolids Assurance Scheme

  • Farmer Notification Form

PR.EC.m Key

Standards

Fertilisers and soil improvement products must be applied to land in a manner which minimises the risk of contamination or pollution

How you will be measured

  • A Manure Management Plan is kept and followed when applying manures and/ or slurries to land
  • Soil improvement products applied in accordance with Appendices (Safe Applications to Land Matrix and Manure Management Plan)
  • Before application, factors including NVZ restriction, soil type, soil conditions, growing medium, crop requirements, slope, weather conditions, grazing or planting intervals and the position of surface water, water supplies and abstraction points, even on neighbouring land, are considered
  • Grazing and planting intervals in the Appendix (Safe Applications to Land) are adhered to
  • Staff and contractors have knowledge of high risk (including microbiological risk) areas, activities and crops on-farm
  • Products are not applied at high risk times e.g. waterlogged or frozen ground
  • The quantity and timing of fertiliser and soil improvement products minimises the risk to the product and the environment
  • Manure Management Plan

PR.EC.m.1

Standards

All equipment used for applying manufactured fertilisers must be checked to ensure accurate application

How you will be measured

  • Manufactured fertiliser application equipment is calibrated at least annually
  • Calibration records

PR.EC.m.2

Standards

Where an adviser advises on fertiliser usage a FACTS Professional Register number and the adviser's name must be provided

  • FACTS Professional Register number and adviser's name

PR.EC.m.3

Standards

Fertiliser rates must be based on a calculation of the nutrient requirements of the crop and on regular analysis of nutrient levels in soil, plant or nutrient solution

How you will be measured

  • Proper account is taken of nutrient content of organic manure
  • Analysis results or standard analysis (e.g. RB 209)

PR.EC.m.4

Standards

The supply and timing of nutrient application must be matched to meet crop demand

How you will be measured

  • Non-target areas are protected from run-off and leaching
  • Nutrient loss is minimised by adopting good practices

PR.EC.m.5

Standards

Documentary evidence detailing the chemical content (N, P, K) of all purchased manufactured fertilisers must be kept for twelve months

How you will be measured

Documents detailing chemical content of manufactured fertilisers

Invoices/ delivery records

PR.EC.m.6

Standards

Records must be kept of all applications of fertilisers/ soil improvement products

How you will be measured

Records include:

  • reference to technical instruction
  • name of operator
  • date of application
  • reason for application
  • application method
  • crop and variety
  • crop location/ field name/ area (e.g. glasshouse)
  • area treated
  • type and quantity of fertiliser/ soil improvement product
  • rate of application
  • special precautions required

Fertiliser/ soil improvement product application records

PR.EC.m.7

Standards

It is recommended that a cropping/ nutrient management plan is developed

How you will be measured

  • Cropping/ nutrient management plan is based on risk and soil analysis and takes into account timing, frequency and quantity of applications
  • Plan ensures that nutrient loss is minimised
  • Cropping/ nutrient management plan

PR.EC.m.8

Standards

It is recommended that records are kept of all technical application instructions/ professional adviser recommendations for fertiliser and soil improvement products

How you will be measured

Instructions/ recommendations include:

  • name of person issuing technical instruction
  • date of instruction/ recommendation
  • reason for application
  • application method
  • crop and variety
  • crop location/ field name/ area (e.g. glasshouse)
  • area to be treated
  • type and quantity of fertiliser/ soil improvement product
  • rate of application
  • special precautions required