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ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE

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Key – Those standards which have greater significance (all other standards are normal)

Recommendation – Those which do not affect certification

New – A completely new standard which the member must now adhere to

Revised – A standard that has changed and requires the member to take some different or additional action to before

Upgraded – The standard has been upgraded to a Key standard or from a Recommendation to a full standard

Appendix – Referenced in ‘How you will be measured’. Indicates that additional information is provided in the Appendices, which are available at the end of each section.

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Where to find help – at the end of each section we have indicated where you can get extra guidance if you need it.

Aim:

ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE

KL.AH.1 Key

Standards

A Flock Health Plan to proactively manage and improve health and welfare of birds must be established and implemented. (Revised)

How you will be measured

KL.AH.1.a

Is specific to a farm or group of farms under same company’s control.

KL.AH.1.b

Is prepared and reviewed by the vet that has overall responsibility for the care of the animals.

KL.AH.1.c

Is reviewed annually or more often in the event of substantial changes to husbandry practices or poor performance.

KL.AH.1.d

Contains a strategy for the prevention and control of common diseases.

KL.AH.1.e

Sets out health and husbandry procedures covering the whole of the production cycle/year.

KL.AH.1.f

Sets out a vaccination programme, which is tailored to the needs of the farm.

KL.AH.1.g

Is available to all members of staff who have responsibility for birds.

Health Plan

KL.AH.2

Standards

Records of the health and performance of all birds must be maintained. (Revised)

How you will be measured

KL.AH.2.a

Records are present for current and previous flock/hatchery cycles.

KL.AH.2.b

Records are up to date.

KL.AH.2.c

Health and performance records contain as a minimum:- number of eggs, ducklings or birds delivered- date eggs/ducklings /birds delivered- origin of flock (hatchery, breeder flock)- daily mortality rate and cumulative daily mortality rate, including culls- date of sale, number sold and average weight- litter used- incidence of disease- post-mortem records- any problems or extraordinary events- veterinary advice

Health and performance records

KL.AH.3

Standards

Health and performance records must be reviewed regularly.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.3.a

Regular review of records to identify key issues.

KL.AH.3.b

If key issues are identified, veterinary advice is sought

Key issues documented in Flock Health Plan

KL.AH.4

Standards

The health and welfare of birds must be met at all times.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.4.a

Any health or welfare issues have been detected and are being managed.

KL.AH.5

Standards

The health and welfare of birds must be checked regularly.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.5.a

Regular checks looking for signs of illness, injury and stress.

KL.AH.5.b

Flock inspection is carried out at least twice daily.

KL.AH.5.c

Ducklings are closely monitored on arrival.

KL.AH.5.d

Stockmen walk within 3m of every bird and encourage them to move.

KL.AH.5.e

Records of inspections are made and include observations, problems identified and any remedial action taken.

Flock inspection records

KL.AH.6 Key

Standards

Birds must be handled in a way that avoids injury and minimises stress.

KL.AH.7 Key

Standards

All persons looking after the health and welfare of birds/ducklings must be demonstrably competent.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.7.a

Staff have skills and knowledge in:- normal and abnormal bird behaviour- fear reactions- signs of good health and poor health and disease- correct handling of birds- litter management- signs of thermal stress in birds and procedures to be followed in event of a problem

KL.AH.7.b

You are satisfied that any contractors used are competent.

KL.AH.7.1

Standards

There must be a named Welfare Officer who is responsible for co-ordinating welfare on-farm/in the hatchery. (New)

How you will be measured

KL.AH.7.1.a

The Welfare Officer's name and contact number are displayed on farm/in the hatchery.

KL.AH.7.1.b

The Welfare Officer is responsible for:- liaison with vets, Defra, APHA- ensuring all staff are fully trained in welfare issues- monitoring welfare policies, procedures and standards

KL.AH.7.2 Key

Standards

All poultry farms/hatcheries must retain the services of a named veterinary surgeon or practice.

KL.AH.8

Standards

Sick or injured birds/ducklings must receive prompt attention in order that suffering is not prolonged.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.8.a

If mortality exceeds 0.5% in a 24 hour period the cause is investigated.

KL.AH.9 Key

Standards

Birds that do not respond to treatment or require emergency euthanasia must be promptly and humanely euthanased by a trained and competent person.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.9.a

Decision to euthanase made by a trained and competent person.

KL.AH.9.b

Ducks of 3kg and under are euthanased by neck dislocation.

KL.AH.9.c

Ducks over 3kg are euthanased by a percussion killer or equivalent method permitted by legislation and recommended by the Humane Slaughter Association (HAS).

KL.AH.9.d

Staff that euthanase birds are trained.

KL.AH.10

Standards

Flocks must be monitored for Salmonella.

How you will be measured

KL.AH.10.e

Composite faeces or boot samples are taken from each house at 20-24 weeks and thereafter every 12 weeks.

KL.AH.10.f

Egg supplies cease immediately if either S. enteritidis or S. typhimurium is positively confirmed in a house and the following steps are taken:- all unhatched eggs are recovered, destroyed and disposed of- a slaughter programme is implemented- a written cleaning and disinfection procedure appropriate to ensure effective eradication of the pathogen is implemented once depletion is complete- inputs for subsequent flocks are not brought on farm until the farm is confirmed as Salmonella-negative

KL.AH.10.g

Parent stock are vaccinated with an approved Salmonella enteritidis and S. typhimurium vaccine.

KL.AH.10.1

Standards

Where a flock has tested positive for Salmonella Enteritidis and/or Typhimurium environmental swabs, representative of the building/housing must be taken and building/housing not restocked until two negative results have been obtained.

Environmental swab test results