NEW: The UK’s First Trust in Food Index

ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE

Version 5.0

Key – Those standards which have greater significance (all other standards are normal)

Recommendation – Those which do not affect certification

New – A completely new standard which the member must now adhere to

Revised – A standard that has changed and requires the member to take some different or additional action to before

Upgraded – The standard has been upgraded to a Key standard or from a Recommendation to a full standard

Appendix – Referenced in ‘How you will be measured’. Indicates that additional information is provided in the Appendices, which are available at the end of each section.

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Where to find help – at the end of each section we have indicated where you can get extra guidance if you need it.

Aim:

ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE

PG.AH.1 Key

Standards

A Veterinary Health Plan (VHP) to proactively manage and improve health and welfare of livestock must be established and implemented. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.1.a

The plan is unit specific.

PG.AH.1.b

Plan is easily accessible to all persons involved in the care and management of the pigs.

PG.AH.1.c

Reviewed at least quarterly by the designated vet (or another vet from the same practice) to ensure it is up to date.

PG.AH.1.d

Contains a Salmonella control plan.

PG.AH.1.e

Details the husbandry procedures performed on the unit.

PG.AH.1.f

Contains an action plan for dealing with vice (tail biting, ear biting, flank biting), which details:- treatment and management of injured pigs- short-term measures to be taken to limit further injurious behaviour

PG.AH.1.g

Contains a policy for treating and managing shoulder sores (indoor breeding units only).

PG.AH.1.h

Details recommendations arising from Real Welfare assessments (where carried out).

PG.AH.1.i

The VHP is being followed.

Veterinary Health Plan
(review date signed by vet)

PG.AH.2

Standards

Records of the health and performance of livestock must be maintained. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.2.a

Records of breeding and/or rearing herd performance are kept.

PG.AH.2.b

Incidents of tail biting and possible causes are recorded.

PG.AH.2.c

Incidents of facial scarring/udder damage are recorded.

PG.AH.2.d

Mortality records for breeding and post-weaning growing stock are kept, detailing:- date- pig type- identity/location (e.g. sow number; e.g. house A pen 5)- dead or euthanased- suspected reason

PG.AH.2.e

Mortality records for suckling pigs include summary of daily deaths only.

PG.AH.2.f

Overall mortality figures are recorded including (where relevant):- pre-weaning mortality- sow and gilt mortality- rearing/finishing mortality

PG.AH.2.g

Records include slaughterhouse data regarding:- dead-on-arrivals- condemnations- tail damage (where reported)

PG.AH.2.h

Health and performance records are kept for at least 2 years.
  • Performance records
  • Tail bite records
  • Facial scarring/udder damage records
  • Mortality records

PG.AH.3

Standards

Health and performance records must be regularly reviewed. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.3.a

Records are reviewed by the producer at least quarterly.

PG.AH.3.1

Standards

It is recommended to participate in a scheme that monitors and reports carcase conditions, e.g. AHDB Pig Health Scheme. (New)

PG.AH.5

Standards

The health and welfare of livestock must be checked regularly.

How you will be measured

PG.AH.5.a

All stock is inspected at least once a day.

PG.AH.5.1

Standards

Actions must be taken to rectify all issues raised by vets in Quarterly Veterinary Reports (QVR).

How you will be measured

PG.AH.5.1.a

Evidence that action has been taken to address any issues identified or recommendations made.

QVRs for previous 4 quarters

PG.AH.6 Key

Standards

Livestock must be handled in a way that avoids injury and minimises stress. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.6.a

Pigs are handled and moved calmly without excessive force.

PG.AH.6.b

No goads in use or present on farm.

PG.AH.6.c

Movement boards are only used to encourage pigs in the right direction and for blocking gaps.

PG.AH.6.d

Attempts to move pigs should only be made when there is a clear area for them to move into.

PG.AH.7

Standards

There must be a designated person who has oversight of animal welfare on the unit. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.7.a

Person is named in the VHP.

PG.AH.7.b

Person oversees compliance with Scheme requirements and best practice in relation to:- husbandry procedures- handling and moving of pigs- identification and management of sick and injured pigs- euthanasia

VHP

PG.AH.7.1

Standards

A copy of the relevant government Code of Practice for the Welfare of Pigs must be available to all persons involved in the care and management of the pigs.

Hard or electronic copy of relevant Code of Practice

PG.AH.8 Key

Standards

Sick or injured livestock must receive prompt attention in order that suffering is not prolonged. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.8.a

There is evidence of systems in place to ensure sick and injured livestock are identified and managed appropriately. Where required they are promptly treated and/or moved to segregation facilities or humanely euthanased.

PG.AH.8.1

Standards

Appropriate facilities must be provided for the segregation or isolation of sick or injured livestock. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.8.1.a

Facilities are managed and maintained in accordance with the Scheme standards for housing and facilities, feed and water.

PG.AH.8.1.b

Unless passageways are adapted to become a non-thoroughfare and to meet Scheme standards, they may only ever be used as a short-term isolation facility for up to 1 hour.

PG.AH.8.1.c

Lame pigs that have been segregated from the main pen and pigs with a traumatic injury have bedding or some other form of cushioning to prevent slipping and pressure sores.

PG.AH.8.2

Standards

Pigs with shoulder sores must be identified and managed.

How you will be measured

PG.AH.8.2.a

Managed in accordance with the shoulder sore policy in the VHP.

PG.AH.8.3

Standards

Issues with vice (tail biting, ear biting, flank biting) must be identified and managed.

How you will be measured

PG.AH.8.3.a

Managed in accordance with the vice action plan in the VHP.

PG.AH.9

Standards

Persons conducting euthanasia of livestock must be trained and deemed competent. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.9.a

Training covers the following learning outcomes:- the recommendations of the latest version of the PVS Casualty Pig- the handling and restraint of pigs before they are euthanised- the acceptable methods of emergency euthanasia of pigs of different sizes- the parameters for the different methods (e.g. position of shot)- the signs of an effective stun/kill and what to do if the method is ineffective- maintenance of equipment- emergency procedures

PG.AH.9.b

Training in euthanasia includes theory and practical elements and can be delivered by:- experienced vet registered with the RT Scheme- Humane Slaughter Association On-Farm Killing or Slaughter of Red Meat Animals – Theory course (supplemented with supervised practical training)

PG.AH.9.c

Whilst persons are being trained they are always under direct supervision when undertaking euthanasia, of either a vet or a suitable trained and competent person as signed off by a vet.

PG.AH.9.d

Competence is assessed and signed off by an experienced vet registered with the RT Scheme.

PG.AH.9.e

Competence of all persons that carry out euthanasia is reassessed by the vet at least every 2 years and documented in training records.
  • Record of training documented in training records
  • List of those deemed competent in VHP/Euthanasia Policy
  • Record of reassessment of competency in training records

PG.AH.9.1

Standards

A documented Euthanasia Policy must be in place. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.9.1.a

Policy includes:- methods used for all classes of pigs- names of persons signed off as competent in each method (may be listed separately in VHP)- details of checks for effectiveness of euthanasia- actions to be taken in the event of an ineffective kill- contingency procedures in the event of equipment failure or unavailability of a trained and competent person

PG.AH.9.1.b

Only legally permitted methods are used.

PG.AH.9.1.c

Policy is signed by:- the designated person responsible for animal welfare to confirm understanding- the farm’s designated vet to confirm it is appropriate

PG.AH.9.1.d

Policy is followed.

Euthanasia Policy

PG.AH.9.2

Standards

All persons that euthanase pigs must be familiar with the content of the latest version of the Pig Veterinary Society Casualty Pig document. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.9.2.a

Document is signed by all to confirm understanding.

PVS Casualty Pig

PG.AH.9.3

Standards

Where a mechanical device is used for piglet euthanasia it must be appropriate and used humanely. (New)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.9.3.a

Only devices delivering a minimum of 27.7 joules (J) energy (as described in manufacturer’s specification) are used.

PG.AH.9.3.b

Piglets are restrained appropriately, as described by the manufacturer, to ensure maximum energy transfer.

PG.AH.9.4

Standards

Steps must be taken to carry out euthanasia of pigs in a location that avoids unnecessary suffering of the animal and distress to potential onlookers. (New)

PG.AH.9.5

Standards

Checks must be made to ensure method of euthanasia is effective. (New)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.9.5.a

Checks are carried out immediately after euthanasia to ensure no signs of life.

PG.AH.9.6

Standards

A person with training and competence in relevant methods of euthanasia must be present on the unit or able to attend within 60 minutes.

PG.AH.9.7

Standards

A Welfare at the Time of Killing (WATOK) licence must be held where required.

How you will be measured

PG.AH.9.7.a

Outside contractors who carry out euthanasia on the unit (excluding vets) hold a WATOK licence.

WATOK licence or written confirmation that a licence is held

PG.AH.10

Standards

The unit must retain the services of a designated veterinary surgeon that has overall responsibility for the veterinary care of the pigs. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.10.a

Only vets registered with Red Tractor Assurance and with current Pig Veterinary Society membership can assess farms against relevant aspects of these Standards.

PG.AH.10.1 Key

Standards

The designated vet (or nominated vet from the same practice) undertakes quarterly visits to the unit. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.10.1.a

A Quarterly Veterinary Report (QVR) is completed by the vet for each visit and submitted to the farm’s Certification Body.

PG.AH.10.1.b

Quarterly vet visits are never more than 20 weeks apart.

QVRs for previous four quarters available at audit

PG.AH.11 Key

Standards

Real Welfare assessments are carried out on all units rearing pigs greater than 50kg. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.11.a

Assessments are carried out in line with the AHDB Pork protocol, including the appropriate sample size.

PG.AH.11.b

Only vets that have undertaken AHDB Pork Real Welfare training, including refresher training when required, can carry out Real Welfare assessments.

QVRs for previous four quarters

PG.AH.12 Key

Standards

Pigs must have permanent access to environmental enrichment in order to satisfy their investigation and manipulation behavioural requirements. (Revised)

How you will be measured

PG.AH.12.a

All pigs, including sows and piglets in farrowing pens, dry sows and boars, have access to enrichment.

PG.AH.12.b

Enrichment is permanently available.

PG.AH.12.c

Enrichment classed as ‘optimal’ may be used alone, while ‘suboptimal’ enrichment is used in combination with additional different enrichment from any category.

PG.AH.12.d

The following ‘marginal interest’ objects are only permissible when ‘optimal’ or ‘suboptimal’ enrichment objects/materials are also provided:- chains- ball/footballs - hard plastic- soft plastic piping- rubber

PG.AH.12.e

Pig interaction with environmental enrichment is not compromised by the amount provided, positioning, or size.

PG.AH.12.f

Enrichment is not hazardous to pigs and root vegetables and other feed materials provided as enrichment are sourced in accordance with Scheme feed standards. Mushroom compost, peat and recycled manure solids (“green bedding”) are not permitted.

PG.AH.12.g

Enrichment is not heavily soiled.

PG.AH.13

Standards

Piglets may only be weaned from the sow at an age less than 28 days under certain circumstances.

How you will be measured

PG.AH.13.a

Piglets may be weaned up to 7 days earlier if moved into specialised housing which:- has been emptied and thoroughly cleaned and disinfected - is separate from housing where sows are kept

PG.AH.13.b

Removal of piglets from a sow at an age earlier than 21 days is only permitted if the health and welfare of the piglets or dam would otherwise be adversely affected.

PG.AH.14

Standards

Supplementary rearing accommodation (“rescue decks”) must be managed appropriately.

How you will be measured

PG.AH.14.a

Declaration to this effect signed by the vet on the QVRs.

QVRs for previous four quarters